Science is an interesting field of study that has many subdisciplines. In broad terms, it is the application of scientific methods to earth and the universe in general. This broad scope of the field of study is further subdivided into the natural sciences, which includes the earth and atmosphere sciences, the biological sciences that includes all the different branches of zoology, immunology, physiology, etc., and the social sciences which include sociology, anthropology, art, medicine, etc. Geography therefore, is simply a field of study that seeks to understand the specific characteristics of the surface of the planet, particularly its geological features. It seeks to answer the various questions of why certain things are the way they are, where did they come from, and how they are distributed.
Geography is often used as a reference frame in the study of the world around us. For instance, knowing the general shape of the earth is useful for our planning and transportation. Geographical information can also be used to track changes in the natural environment over time, such as the rise and fall of ice sheets, and the changing climate and weather patterns. Such knowledge can help us understand more about our natural environment, and how it has changed throughout the Earth’s history.
Geographical information systems are used all over the world and greatly affect our daily lives. The ability to use and interpret geographical information systems has made the human enterprise that much more efficient, as well as more accurate. A recent study showed how easily human geography could be translated into computer-based scientific methodologies. From simple geometry, to cartography, to satellite images and aerial photos, our ability to accurately map the Earth and monitor its changing conditions is vast.
Humans have always been prone to interpreting geospatial information according to its specific location on the Earth and its relation to other geographic information systems. However, recent developments in technology have allowed us to perceive the Earth from a much broader perspective. We now have the ability to see the Earth at many different scales and in many different locations. By seeing the Earth from this broader perspective, we can better appreciate its structure and take it as a whole, rather than simply seeing it as a portion of the natural environment.
When we see the Earth from a more global perspective, we are able to see its flaws more clearly. For instance, while we can observe major hotspots such as oil spills in the Gulf of Mexico or the damages that have been done to the Alaska’s marine habitat, we cannot see the overall state of the Alaska’s natural environment. Global warming may be a problem in the Pacific Ocean, but it is also threatening to harm the Alaskan economy. With an Alaskan business owner seeing their entire state as a potential victim of global warming, new opportunities are being created by using an Alaskan marine surveyor’s geographic information system (GIS) to analyze and monitor the Alaskan economy.
A recent study conducted by scientists in the University of Washington revealed how widespread the problem of global warming is throughout the world. The research also revealed that there is a vast majority of areas that science could not directly examine due to the poor quality and remote location of these areas. Using a Geographic Information System, a scientific team can access these geographic information systems and begin to study the Earth’s biogeochemical cycles, how it is interacting with the environment, and how the Earth’s ecosystems are responding to external forces.